The original name of the barangay is Hungduan. However, since the place was the center of the town during the American regime, the name was changed to Poblacion and Hungduan was used to name the municipality.
Ifugao was separated out from Mountain Province in 1918. It was then comprised of three municipalities, one of which is Kiangan where Hungduan presently known as Poblacion was one of its barangays. In 1921, Hungduan was separated from Kiangan to become the 5th municipality of Ifugao through Executive Order No. 6 series of 1921. When Hungduan became a municipal district through E.O. No. 33 s. 1923, it had the following barangays: Abatan, Ahin, Ap-apid, Bangbang, Binablayan, Danggo, Eheb, Gumhang, Impugong, Luhong, Maggok, Poblacion, Tinoc, Tucucan and Wangwang. On 1982, under Batas Pambansa Bilang 184, eleven barangays of Hungduan were separated to create the Municipality of Tinoc. Poblacion was retained.
Barangay Poblacion is located at the foot of the high Mountain Ranges. It is bounded on the west by Mount Napulawan, on the east by barangay Bangbang, on the north by barangay Hapao, on the south by barangay Abatan and on the south east by barangay Maggok.
Based on the NAMRIA Map, the total land area is 2,386 hectares divided into sixty Seven (67) sitios and clustered into seven (7) purok.
Sitios of Barangay Poblacion